Section 321 CBP: What You Need to Know

Section 321 CBP refers to a regulation that allows individuals to import goods into the United States duty-free, as long as the value of the goods does not exceed $800. This regulation was introduced in 2016 as part of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act, and was designed to make it easier and more affordable for individuals to purchase goods from overseas.

Under Section 321 CBP, individuals can purchase goods from anywhere in the world and have them shipped directly to their doorstep without having to pay any additional duties or taxes. This has made it easier for individuals to access a wider range of products, including those that may not be available in the US.

However, it is important to note that certain restrictions apply, and not all goods are eligible for duty-free importation under Section 321 CBP. For example, goods that are subject to health, safety, or environmental regulations may be subject to additional fees or restrictions. Additionally, individuals are only allowed to import one shipment per day under this regulation.

Overview of Section 321

Section 321 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) allows for certain low-value shipments to be imported into the United States duty-free and without formal entry. This section was created to streamline the import process for low-value goods and reduce the administrative burden on both importers and Customs and Border Protection (CBP).

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Section 321, the shipment must meet the following criteria:

  • The shipment must be valued at $800 or less
  • The shipment must be imported by one person on one day
  • The shipment must not be intended for resale

If the shipment meets these criteria, it may be eligible for duty-free entry under Section 321.

De Minimis Value

The de minimis value is the maximum value of a shipment that can be imported into the United States duty-free. For Section 321, the de minimis value is $800. This means that if the shipment is valued at $800 or less, it can be imported into the United States without paying any duties or taxes.

It is important to note that while Section 321 allows for duty-free entry, other requirements such as compliance with import regulations and restrictions still apply. CBP may also conduct inspections and screenings to ensure the safety and security of the shipment.

In conclusion, Section 321 provides an opportunity for low-value shipments to be imported into the United States without formal entry and duty-free. Importers must ensure that their shipments meet the eligibility criteria and comply with import regulations and restrictions.

CBP Procedures

Filing Requirements

To use Section 321 CBP, importers must file an electronic manifest with the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency. The manifest must be filed at least 24 hours before the goods are loaded onto the carrier. The manifest should include the following information:

  • Description of the goods
  • Quantity of the goods
  • Value of the goods
  • Country of origin of the goods
  • Name and address of the importer

Importers must also ensure that the carrier has submitted an electronic conveyance submission (eManifest) to CBP before the goods arrive at the border.

Entry Process

When the goods arrive at the border, CBP will review the manifest and eManifest to determine if the goods are eligible for Section 321 CBP. If the goods meet the eligibility requirements, CBP will release them for entry into the United States.

If the goods are not eligible for Section 321 CBP, CBP will notify the importer and the goods will be subject to normal customs procedures, including the payment of duties and taxes.

Customs Clearance

Once the goods have been released by CBP, they will be cleared for entry into the United States. The importer will be responsible for arranging for the goods to be transported from the border to their final destination.

Importers should keep in mind that while Section 321 CBP allows for duty-free and tax-free entry of goods, other government agencies may have additional requirements or restrictions for certain types of goods. Importers should research these requirements before importing goods into the United States.

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